Person and Eros

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Her sisters greeted her with tears and embraces. Both sisters became overcome with jealousy as they realized their wealth was nothing in comparison with hers, they began plotting a way to ruin her. That very night Psyches husband warned her once more. Already Psyches sisters realized Psyches contradictory remarks on the appearance of her husband and realized she had not seen him before. They began to invoke feelings of suspicion and fear that her husband was really the serpent that the oracle had said would come and that one night he would devour her. Psyches heart began to fill with terror and not love. She plotted that night that she would sleep with a sharp knife and lamp near her bed, and that once her husband fell fast asleep that she go to his bed and plunge the dagger into his body for it was forsaken that she would see a hideously misshapen body of a monster.

She was confused she thought it was her loving husband, not a serpent monster, but it also was her loving husband. She must have certainty, she finally decided one thing for sure she would see him tonight. That night she mustered up the courage and lit the lamp and tiptoed to her husband's bedside.


As the light came upon him, she realized it was not a monster but the most beautiful man she had ever seen, overcome with shame at her mistrust she would have plunged the dagger into her breast if it had not fallen from her hands. But the same hands that saved her betrayed her, as she trembled a drop of hot oil from the lamp fell on her husbands shoulder and he began to wake.

At the sight of this infidelity, he fled without a word. Psyche fled into the night in search of her husband she traveled far and wide in search for him. Meanwhile her husband had gone to Venus chamber to have his wound cared for, but as soon as she heard the story she left her him in his pain as she became even more overcome with jealousy.

She vowed to show Psyche what it felt like to bring down the wrath of a goddess. Psyches search was to no avail, she had not found her husband so she went to Venus herself. Venus would grant her her wish if she completed the task of separating a great quantity of the smallest seeds by night fall. As she sat there alone she realized that this was an impossible task to complete. No one had heard Psyches prayers for they did not want to become an enemy of Venus. But the the tiniest of creatures felt sympathy for her.

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Person and Eros is probably one of the most important theological works to be published in Greece in the twentieth century. It addresses the question of how we . Person and Eros book. Read 2 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Person and Eros is probably one of the most important theological wo.

The ants began to sort the seeds for Psyche. All the seeds lay in ordered neat piles. This is what Venus saw when she came. She gave Psyche a piece of crust and bade her sleep on the ground as she left to her soft fragrant couch. The next morning, she devised another task for Psyche, this time a dangerous one. There were sheep down near the riverbank with golden fleece.

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She was to fetch some fleece and bring it back to Venus. As she reached the river, she had the urge to hurl herself into it ending all her pains, but a voice bade her not to. The voice instructed her to wait till the sheep came out of the bushes toward the evening for the sheep were indeed very fierce. She did as she was told and once the sheep left she gathered the fleece from the sharp briars and she carried it back to her cruel mistress. Venus received it with an evil smile.

Venus knew that Psyche could not have accomplished this alone and said that she must prove herself by obtaining a flask filled with water from the river Styx. As she approached the waterfall, she realized that only a winged creature could reach it. This time her savior was an eagle, who poised with great wings beside her, seized the flask from her with his beak and brought it back to her full of the black water.

But Venus kept on. She sent Psyche with a box which she was to carry to the underworld and ask Persephone to fill with some of her beauty. Psyche found her guide in a tower on her path. It gave her careful directions on how to get to Persephone's palace. All had happened as the her guide had told her and Persephone was willing to do Venus a favor, and Psyche, greatly encouraged, bore back the box.

The last trial was brought upon herself out of curiosity. She wished to see the beauty-charm in the box and perhaps use some herself for she must look beautiful if she was to see the God of Love again. She opened the box but nothing was to be found inside suddenly a deadly languor took possession of her as she fell into a heavy sleep.

At this point, Cupid stepped forward, Cupid was healed from his wound and had fled the palace by flying through the windows for Venus had locked him in his chamber. Cupid picked Psyche up and wiped the sleep from her eyes and placed it into the box. Cupid told her to take the box to his mother and all would be fine. To make sure Cupid flew up to Mount Olympus and spoke with Jupiter himself.

Although Cupid had done Jupiter harm previously by making him turn into a bull and a swan, he agreed to help him. Jupiter summoned all the gods, including Venus, and announced the marriage of Cupid and Psyche. Mercury brought Psyche to the palace of the gods, and Jupiter himself gave her the ambrosia to make her immortal. Venus was in turn satisfied for with Psyche up in Heaven, she would not command attention from the men on earth. So all came to a most happy end. Love and Soul for that is what Psyche means had sought and, after sore trials, found each other; that union could never be broken.

Yannaras has attempted, in fact, is a synthesis of what may loosely be called the Greek patristic tradition conceived of as including Palamas and other medieaevals and modern phenomenological thought. It is a highly provocative work, and one may, I think, legitimately object to the vast sweep of its generalisations; but it is undeniably a very significant essay in what does appear to be genuinely an alternative theological language to that which has become customary in the Latin tradition and its offshoots.

I hasten to add that the fact that it is an alternative does not automatically guarantee its superiority: in assessing Dr. Perhaps, however, this is simply the reaction of a mind acclimatised to the pedestrian phraseology of Anglo-Saxon philosophy to what appears to be Teutonic mystification.

On a superficial examination, they would appear to have a good deal in common; but a detailed study of this lies outside the scope of the present paper and the abilities of the author! It may be as well, at this point, to attempt a summary of Dr. The image of God is the whole man; and it is the whole man who enters into relation with God. Outside the Church, only the former way is possible; yet even here, the absence is personal, the absence of someone, and so it is painful.

Philosophy of Love | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

The emergence of beings into personal relation can thus be seen as an emergence into order, unity, the formation of a cosmos, in fact: Anaximander was essentially right in comparing cosmic order with moral and social order. Both alike are based on an objectification of reality which scrupulously avoids the personal. Our categories of space and time are dependent on the ideas of personal presence and absence, also. We are again led to the theological notion of a cosmic personal Word, establishing the reality of all things in relation to the Person of God.

We are bound to presuppose some degree of awareness of our impotence, awareness of failure, and thus of the possibility of something different.

I hope I may be pardoned for having set out Dr. An adequately detailed examination of it is really beyond the scope of this article, but I propose to select a few points of significance for discussion, in an attempt to relate the book to the wider background of Eastern theology in general, and, to a lesser extent, to certain aspects of Western theology. I have already remarked on the points of contact between Yannaras and Lossky, and I think it is worth commenting a little further on this. Now indeed Palamism is not so simple as that, and the Palamite certainly can state his distinction intelligibly in a Trinitarian scheme; but I am not sure that Lossky always succeeds in doing so, and I suspect that, finally, it is the nature- person distinction which is of more central importance to his theology.

As a model for Trinitarian theology including a theology of the operationes, Trinitatis ad extra it is, in many ways, admirable; but, later on, I should like to question its usefulness for Christology. John of the Cross; but the point I wish to make is that Dr. The old theology distinguished between the inter-trinitarian processions and the operationes Trinitatis ad extra; and it is hard to see how one can abandon some such distinction and yet retain the concept of creation. And it seems to me that at this point Dr.

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So as Lossky would no doubt have delighted to point out the Eastern theological tradition, here as elsewhere, proposes a satisfactory via media whereby Western theology may escape from a choice between two ultimately unacceptable alternatives. It is, as I have said, a possible solution; not necessarily an adequate one, though, because its validity depends upon the validity of the whole essence-energies schema.

Person and Eros

Plainly this is far too large a question to embark upon in detail here, but it may be worthwhile to raise one or two issues which seem to be of some importance. In the first place, I am never quite certain what Dr. Yannaras and his predecessors in the East are saying about the incomprehensibility of the Divine Essence. There are times when Orthodox theologians seem to be asserting this simply because all essences considered as Aristotelean individual essences are incommunicable and imparticipable,[xxi] and therefore since knowledge involves some sort of participation of knower in known unknowable.

Whereas at other times, the Divine Essence is held to be unknowable because it is Divine, and therefore beyond the capacity of the finite mind. These two approaches —need I add?

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The result is the classical statement of Palamism, which encounters severe difficulties in reconciling this distinction with the doctrine of the absolute simplicity of God. On this basis, it is possible to assert a real communication with the Divine Essence in actu, while still denying that, even in the Beatific Vision, a finite intellect can comprehend the Essence, can know It as It knows Itself. It should by now be clear that this is not an irrelevant digression: the position we have arrived at is very close to that proposed by Dr. Yannaras, it seems, and once again he appears to have given us an invaluable link between East and West.

Professor E.

Mascall has suggested more than once that the essence-energies distinction is —at least in intention— parallel to the essence-existence distinction in St. Thomas;[xxv] and not only do we find Dr. Yannaras at some points in his book persist in regarding Thomist thought as basically essentialist: there is a tendency either to assimilate the Angelic Doctor to Augustine and Anselm Paul Evdokimov is inclined to do this , or to view him through the medium of late scholastic thought, or, worse, Cartesianism Lossky is often guilty of this in apparent oblivion of the copious expositions of Thomist existentialism provided by Gilson, Maritain, Mascall and others.

And in this connexion, one may ask whether Dr. The question of analogy brings us to a brief consideration of Dr. It is only fair to add that there is a world of difference between Dr. If one may so express it, Dr. On this subject, much of the work of Professor T.